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Mr Gonzalo Ramos


Secretary General of the PIOB (Since 2009)

Former Chair of the International Monetary Fund External Audit Committee



Executive Director for Spain and Mexico European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

Main responsibilities: to contribute to the EBRD corporate mission as a member of the Board of the Bank, and to represent the interests of Spain and Mexico in its operations, including working with bankers and companies to develop projects and partnerships.

Chairman of the EBRD Early Transition Countries Fund (2008)

This Fund was established in 2005 by a number of European donor governments including Spain. It supports EBRD projects in the most challenging countries of operations. Its governance is at the forefront of public international finance.

Chairman of the Financial and Operations Committee (FOPC) (2005-2007)

FOPC reviews and oversees all financial and operational policies of the Bank, monitors the Bank’s Treasury operations, and reviews the liquidity policy and borrowing programme. Additionally, it oversees transparency and accountability of the Bank’s operations.

Vice-chairman of Audit Committee (2005)

Director General for International Finance. Ministry of Economy and Finance (2000-2004)

Appointed by Rodrigo Rato, then Vice-president for Economic Affairs of the Spanish Government, to head international financial policy in the Ministry of Finance and to create a new Directorate General.

Main responsibilities:

Build a new team to develop an integrated and coherent international financial policy for the Ministry, specifically over the following issues:

  • International Financial Stability. International Monetary Fund.
  • World Bank and Regional and Sub regional Development Banks: EBRD, ADB, AfDB, IDB, and others.
  • All other European international financial institutions: EIB, BDCE.
  • Active External Debt Management. Paris Club negotiations. Development of debt swap processes.
  • EU External Development Fund, Financial policy.

Member of the Board of Trasmediterránea, S.A.

Member of the Board of Autoestradas de Galicia

Member of the Board of the European Council Development Bank

Senior Advisor in the General Directorate of the Treasury and Financial policy, Ministry of Economy (1999-2000)

Main responsibility was to advise Mr Rato on ECOFIN and IMF matters.

IMF Residential Course on Financial Programming.

Trade Commissioner of Spain in Malaysia, Brunei and Pakistan, Head of the Economic and Commercial Offices of Spain in these countries (1994-1999)

Assistant Permanent Delegate from Spain at the International Natural Rubber Organization.

Deputy Director General for Oil, Gas and Petrochemistry. General Directorate for Energy. Ministry of Industry (1990-1994)

Member of the Board of ENAGAS, S.A.

Member of the Board of Repsol Petroleos, S.A.

Main responsibilities:

  • Regulation of the process of liberalisation of the State monopoly in the oil sector in Spain.
  • Design and regulation of pricing systems for oil and gas products.
  • Regulation and development of the gas system, including infrastructures.

Advisor for External Trade in Energy Products and Special Operations (1989-90)

General Direction of External Trade, Secretary of State of Trade, Ministry of Economy and Treasury.



1988: Member of the Corps of Public Economists (Cuerpo Superior de Técnicos Comerciales y Economistas del Estado), Ministry of Economy, Spain.

1984: M. PHIL (Economics) by the University of Oxford (U.K.), St Anthony's College

M. PHIL Thesis: “Budget Deficits and Flexible exchange rates”

Tutor in Microeconomics, Brasenose College, University of Oxford

Referee for Oxford Economic Papers, University of Oxford

Beneficiary of “Overseas Research Studentship Award” from the University of Oxford, 1982-1984.

1982: B.A. (Hons) in Economics by the University of Warwick (U.K.).

Honours Degree in Economics by the Autonomous University of Madrid (Spain).

1977: International Baccalaureate at United World College of the Atlantic, South Wales, UK.



Consultant in SBS, Group Price Waterhouse, March 1986-July 1987

Consultant in Budgetary control, Control Presupuestario S.A. Madrid, September 1985-March 1986



Spanish (mother tongue), English (bilingual), French (fluent).

Basic German and Italian.



“Budget Deficits Flexible and Exchange Rates”, Bodleian Library, Oxford 1984.

The Spanish Energy External Balance in 1989, Economic Bulletin BICE, number 2236, June 4 1990.

Energy Relations: efficient supply policy, Economic Bulletin BICE, number 2283, 10-16 June 1991.

A more efficient regulation of the oil sector in Spain. Industrial Economics, nº 292, July-August 1993.

The New International Financial Architecture, Economic Bulletin BICE, number 2686, 26 March-1 April of 2001.

Advances in the New International Financial Architecture. Journal of Economía Exterior nº 18, Autumn 2001.

The Euro and Globalization. Revista de Occidente, nº 248, January 2002.

The Argentine Crisis and The Role of The IMF. RBW Seminar, New York, May 2002.



European Study Programme-Escuela de Organización Industrial, “Macroeconomic Traits of The Spanish Economy.” October 1999 and October 2000.

Argentina. Economic situation and Spanish financial support. Round-table on Argentina and MERCOSUR. Spanish Institute of International Relationships and Foreign policy. May 2001

New Strategies of Economic Cooperation. I Ibero-American Cooperation Seminar. “External Debt Conversion Programmes.” Ortega y Gasset Foundation. May 2001.

Spain and Development Finance. Globalization and inequality: the new agenda for Financing Development. Summer Courses at the Escorial University. August 2001.

Seminar on the Argentine crisis. Reinventing Bretton Woods, New York. May 2002

Seminar on the Argentine Crisis and NAFI. May 2003. Ministry of Finance and Reinventing the Bretton Woods Committee, Madrid, May 2003.

Miembro del policy panel del XVII Simposio de Moneda y Crédito, “The future of the enlarged European Union”, Madrid, 18th-19th November 2004.